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# The First Conditional

Rawan abdullah alQahtani

Posts : 4
Join date : 2012-05-01
Age : 22
Location : Saudi Arabia - Dammam
This is " kholod alGhammdi " project
The First Conditional

The first conditional has the present simple after 'if', then the future simple in the other clause:

• if + present simple, ... will + infinitive

It's used to talk about things which might happen in the future. Of course, we can't know what will happen in the future, but this describes possible things, which could easily come true.

• If it rains, I won't go to the park.

• If I study today, I'll go to the party tonight.

• If I have enough money, I'll buy some new shoes.

• She'll be late if the train is delayed.

• She'll miss the bus if she doesn't leave soon.

• If I see her, I'll tell her.

First vs. Zero Conditional
The first describes a particular situation, whereas the conditional describes what happens in general.

For example (zero conditional): if you sit in the sun, you get burned (here I'm talking about every time a person sits in the sun - the burning is a natural consequence of the sitting)

But (first conditional): if you sit in the sun, you'll get burned (here I'm talking about what will happen today, another day might be different)

First vs. Second Conditional
The first conditional describes things that I think are likely to happen in the future, whereas the second conditional talks about things that I don't think will really happen. It's subjective; it depends on my point of view.

For example (first conditional): If she studies harder, she'll pass the exam (I think it's possible she will study harder and so she'll pass)

But (second conditional): If she studied harder, she would pass the exam (I think that she won't study harder, or it's very unlikely, and so she won't pass)

First you are "confused by" not "confusing by".
Zero Conditional: used for habitual actions or accepted facts
It is created by if/when + two clauses with the same tense in each clause.

When I ate at Joe's, I had the ravioli. (past-past)
If I work late on a Tuesday, I take a taxi home. (present -present)

First Conditional: if + present tense, then future tense
If I pass this exam, (then) I will be promoted.

Second conditional: if + past tense, then present conditional
If I passed this exam, (then) I would be promoted.
If I were king (subjunctive), (then) I would eliminate all taxes.

Third conditional: if + past perfect, then past conditional
If I had passed this exam, I would have been promoted.

The first column are all zero conditionals, the second column first conditionals and the third column are all second conditionals. Cut up and divide into three piles.
Examples:
What do you do if you have a headache?
What would you do if you won the lottery?